The Harriman Alaska Expedition Retraced
Two scientific expeditions to Alaska, 100 years apart, give us an unparalleled view of environmental damage and the change in society's attitudes.
Directed by Lawrence Hott
Produced by Lawrence Hott, Tom Litwin, & Diane Garey
A film by Lawrence Hott and Diane Garey. A production of Florentine Films/Hott Productions, Inc. produced in association with The Clark Science Center at Smith College. Tom Litwin, Project Creator.
A century ago, railroad tycoon Edward H. Harriman, one of the most powerful men in America, decided to take a little vacation - in the form of one of the most ambitious scientific expeditions the world had ever seen.
"A cinematic tour de force that no one should miss." William Cronon, University of Wisconsin-Madison
He invited the top authorities in the country: geologists, botanists, foresters, ornithologists, paleontologists, zoologists, painters, photographers, writers - at least two of each, like a private Noah's Ark of knowledge - to join him on a 9000-mile exploration of the coast of Alaska. Many were famous -- John Muir, John Burroughs, and George Bird Grinnell -- and a few were still obscure - the young painter Louis Agassiz Fuertes and the unknown photographer Edward Curtis. For many of these brilliant men, the journey would alter their destiny.
Over a century later, Thomas Litwin of Smith College organized an expedition to follow the path of the original one. Again, it was stocked with a constellation of scientific brilliance, though this time they were both men and women. It was called the Harriman Expedition Retraced, and its purpose was simple: to go to exactly the same places and see what the effects of the 20th century had wrought on Alaska. "What we are doing," said historian William Cronon, "is seeing this landscape at two moments in time. We're seeing it through that expedition in 1899 and seeing it at the beginning of the 21st Century and we're asking, "What's the change? What are the dynamics of history that have brought us here, and what do they tell us about where we are headed?"
The film uses both expeditions as a vehicle for understanding subtle as well as dramatic changes in Alaska's environment, economy, and society. While thoroughly researching very specific and specialized issues that surface in Alaska's history - such as the Exxon-Valdez oil spill, the separation of kinfolk during the Cold War, the prosperity of Alaskan natives, and the repatriation of indigenous artifacts - the film also addresses the boom and bust of industry, global warming, endangered species, the state of natural resources, and the influx of tourism to the pristine edges of the world.
It was produced by the award-winning team of Larry Hott and Diane Garey of Florentine Films/Hott Productions, Inc., producers of "The Boyhood of John Muir", "The Wilderness Idea", "The Adirondacks", and "Wild by Law". It presents a unique look at 100 years of change in Alaska, and in American attitudes towards the environment and indigenous peoples.
Other films by Larry Hott and Diane Garey are The Return of the Cuyahoga, John James Audubon: Drawn by Nature and The Boyhood of John Muir.
Grade Level: 7-12, College, Adult
US Release Date: 2002
Copyright Date: 2002
DVD ISBN: 1-59458-237-8
VHS ISBN: 1-56029-959-2
"Combines the best qualities of historical documentary, nature film, and investigative reporting on the modern-day environmental and social challenges faced by the people and ecosystems of coastal Alaska. Offering magnificent photography and compelling stories...it is a cinematic tour de force that no one should miss."
William Cronon, Frederick Jackson Turner Professor of History, Geography, and Environmental Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison
"I thoroughly enjoyed watching this film, which masterfully catches the spirit of the original Harriman expedition...The photography is superb as is the assembly of the film."
Vera Alexander, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks
"It's rare that a documentary film can encompass nearly all of environmental history and ethics in a mere two hours...The history of Alaska, since its purchase by the United States, provides a locus for examining nearly all the environmental issues facing the world today, from oil spills to overfishing, from deforestration to destruction of habitat. Too much for the viewer to handle? No way...It's a fast-paced voyage, full of wry jokes, lovely music, and wonderful wildlife."
David Tebaldi, Executive Director, Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
"A vivid demonstration of how the past can illuminate the present and future. By recreating the Harriman Alaska Expedition, the film shows the environment--and human attitudes toward it--changing over the course of a century...The film is beautifully shot and sharply written and edited. This is engaged historical and environmental filmmaking at its best."
Stephen Fox, author of JOHN MUIR AND HIS LEGACY
"The thing that most impresses me...is the willingness to tackle thorny, sensitive, and complex issues about Alaska...such...as clearcut logging by Native corporations--an especially divisive conflict...No preaching. No sensationalizing. Just clear-thinking presentation of modern problems and their historical roots, engagingly addressed by people of conscience with a personal stake in differing solutions. What a treat! It engendered much discussion in our small group, and I feel sure it will do the same in living rooms, classrooms, and conference rooms across America and beyond."
Kesler Woodward, Professor of Art Emeritus, University of Alaska
"An excellent teaching tool for many age levels. The film offers teachers an opportunity for exciting, in-depth interdisciplinary work in the sciences, economics, language arts, cultural studies, ecology, history, geography, the arts, etc. Educators will be thrilled with this exquisite documentation of a slice of America over one century."
Doris J. Shallcross, Professor Emeritus, University of Massachusetts/Amherst
"This film exemplifies the best aspects of thoughtful inquiry: first-hand exploration, insightful engagement of history, and the construction of a narrative that raises as many important questions as it answers."
Carol T. Christ, President, Smith College
"Larry Hott ranks with the best documentary film makers today...especially when it comes to films about the environment. The Harriman Alaska Expedition Retraced has all the elements of a great Hott documentary: a compelling and swift-moving narrative that places contemporary Alaska in the context of history; humor and humanity, and stunning footage of the Alaskan wilderness."
Tom Lewis, author of Divided Highways, Professor of English at Skidmore University
"Well received and praised by over 100 Arctic enthusiasts, allowing them to use the film as a tool of understanding the North, our connection to the Arctic region, and respect for all living inhabitants of the fragile, yet dynamic environment."
Scott Pollock, Program Director, Arctic Film Festival Program, North House Folk School
"Beautifully presented, thoughtful and well organized, this documentary presents both an interesting, historical event in wonderful detail and examines the impact of industry and tourism upon the history, environment, wildlife, and native cultures of Alaska... appropriate for all grade levels in the areas of environmental sciences, natural sciences, sociology, visual arts, and anthropology."
Social Sciences Post Secondary, 2003 NAMTC/NMM Curriculum Media Reviews
A study guide in PDF format is included on the DVD-ROM portion of the disc.
www.pbs.org/harriman (PBS' web site for the film.)
PBS's Study Guide for the film
Florentine Films (The producers' web site)
L. A. Fuertes and the Harriman Expedition web site
Awards and Festivals
CINE Golden Eagle
Second Place in Category, EarthVision Environmental Film Festival
Honorable Mention, Columbus International Film & Video Festival
Philadelphia Film Festival
Environmental Film Festival in the Nation's Capital
Newport Beach Film Festival
Anchorage Film Festival
Hazel Wolf Environmental Film Festival
Arctic Film Festival
Climate Change/Global Warming
Oceans and Coasts
Looks at the battle over the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in the context of Alaska's accelerated warming.
Secrets of the Choco
The Choco rainforest in Colombia faces development. What is the best option?
The God Squad and the Case of the Northern Spotted Owl
A rare, behind-the-scenes look at the way politics shape environmental policy.
Shows that global warming is already hurting the Pacific Islands.
In the Light of Reverence
A stunning portrait of land-use conflicts over Native American sacred sites on public and private land around the West from the producers of STANDING ON SACRED GROUND.
Unconquering the Last Frontier
Chronicles Native Americans' struggle to survive in the midst of hydroelectric development.
Turning Down The Heat
Renewable energy sources and energy conservation are the solution to global warming.
A report from the front lines of climate change in Kenya, India, Canada, the Arctic, China, and Montana where people's lives have already been dramatically altered.
Examines the media strategies, on both sides, that have resulted in the US government's failure to take decisive action on global warming.
Satirical look at the inadequacies of the concept of carbon offsetting.
The Boyhood of John Muir
The early story of John Muir, founder of the Sierra Club.